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... parties. And there is a wider public debate than in the past. However, not all political parties are presenting their Spitzenkandidaten and few have taken a clear position with regards to the struggle ...
... process in the European Union is far from unified and uncertainties and ambiguities are still existing: especially regarding the constitutional convention on the lead candidates, known as Spitzenkandidaten, ...
... forward some ideas and approaches regarding the role of COSAC in the effectiveness of interparliamentary cooperation, covering not only its present proceedings and output, but also some thoughts for further ...
... second thought’, subordinated to the lower House, whose will prevails in the event of discrepancy. It lacks specific powers with regard to territorial autonomy; in spite of this, there has been an attempt ...
... federalism can even be regarded as an embodiment of that concept since it covers all possible aspects of ‘executive federalism’. The Bundesrat has an important share in that classification. ...
... federal system. This view is justified. However, there is the need for a more differentiated view with regard to Austria’s federal system and its second chamber. ...
Discussions regarding the functional design of second chambers in federal or quasi-federal systems seem to focus mainly on legislative functions. Thus, extra- or non-legislative functions related to the ...
... some discussion on whether perfect or imperfect bicameralism and the requirements of internal decision-making play a role in this regard. ...
... integration. In this regard, it observes how in the aftermath of the crises, there was a shift in the rationale of differentiated integration with objective (in)ability of the states taking a prominent ...
... The emphasis tends to be made on the quantitative clear majority test, disregarding other factors. Hence, the aim of this paper is to study the causes of this deification of the Clarity Act in Spain, and ...
... destiny. After giving a brief account of how both legitimation strategies have developed in the history of political ideas, attention is focused on the theories regarding the legitimacy of public power ...
... Portuguese courts either failed to properly identify the EU law acts that were the source of national austerity measures or disregarded their role as common EU law courts of ordinary jurisdiction when ...
Contributions in this special issue argue make a number of points with regard to the urgent need to change the economic governance of the Eurozone, pointing at some tools to increase its spending capacity. ...
This article analyzes the degree of convergence between the United States and the European Union regarding the structural role of administrative agencies. As will be argued, the United States and European ...
15. Belgian Federalism after the Sixth State Reform
(Jurgen Goossens and Pieter Cannoot/Essay)
... model has reached its limits with regard to complexity and creativity, politicians and academics should begin to reflect on the seventh state reform with the aim of increasing the transparency of the current ...
... The political debate supporting extended children's rights rather refers to general observations, to the specific regional context, and constitutional provisions in other Länder. At least with regard to ...
... Austria has rather weak structures with regard to power-sharing. No wonder, given the structural bias between central state and substates, informal forces are at work in order to make up for the shortcomings ...
18. Political Parties in the EU: What’s Next?
(Edoardo Bressanelli/Essay)
Political Parties at the European level (Europarties) have traditionally been regarded as weak actors in the EU political system. Yet, this assessment fails to correctly describe the role that the Europarties ...
... are considered in depth: the increasing institutionalisation of the European Council and its critical position with regard to the management of the economic and financial crisis and to the ongoing process ...
... of the proposals recently suggested to reform the EU. In this piece I shall try to explore some important issues that should be taken into account when advancing reform proposals with regard to this i ...
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