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In federal and regionalised states, bicameralism constitutes shared rule between levels of governments. At the same time, second chambers serve as a safeguard protecting self-rule of decentralised governments ...
... a process whereby the contours of a more coherent European consumer protection policy are gradually revealed. In the absence of sufficient legislative guidance at the European and national levels, national ...
... is developed through a series of contributions that challenge the paradigms in different directions. The discussion is articulated on two levels. On the one hand, a group of contributions focuses on the ...
... convergence” and on attempts to conceptualise these issues by means of the concept of “complex antinomy”. It will be argued that this analysis needs some refinement and the concept of “levels of disagreements” ...
... levels of protection of rights, and led us to argue that the development of a multilevel protection of rights is also, at least partially, a tale of Courts, each competing to have the last word on human ...
6. Which Governments Come Out Ahead?
(William M. Myers and Davia Cox Downey/Essay)
... known is whether all levels of government enjoy this advantage, how they fare against one another and how an institutional arrangement such as federalism complicates such relationships. These questions ...
... is simply a reflection of the systems’ relative levels of integration. Thus, the nondelegation doctrine will be stretched in Europe as functional regulatory demands arise from wider and deeper integration. ...
... in the Länder. The analysis also shows that the public arguments brought forward in favour of constitutional amendments refer only weakly and randomly to legal provisions and processes at other levels. ...
... the two levels of the German federal system interact in different ways. While the Basic Law determines the sub-national constitutional space with regard to capital punishment and the debt brake comprehensively ...
... social sphere are allocated to different levels of government according to a shared pattern, whereby the central level establishes framework legislation to be complemented and implemented by each of the ...
... all levels of government in Ethiopia are controlled, directly or indirectly, by one party; the Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Party (EPRDF). Not only does it control all levels of government, ...
... applied to the EU. A better enforcement of subsidiarity may help determining a more justified scope of autonomous exercise of powers by governmental levels - subnational levels included.  ...
... a solidarity fund to reduce unemployment, in particular youth unemployment which has reached unacceptable levels in most European Union countries.  ...
... of regional opinions (also from the regional executives, by means of a ‘political dialogue’) to the Italian parliament, thus indirectly also enhancing the ties between the regional and national levels ...
... two constitutional levels. In this paper we will, of course, not be able, to fill that rather huge gap. Taking G. Alan Tarr’s highly intriguing paper on “Subnational Constitutional Space” as a blueprint, ...
16. Introduction
(Anna Mastromarino/Editorial)
The goal of this monographic is the analysis of citizen participation in the regional and local levels of government of Italy and Spain. The assays present the current situation of the different types ...
17. Pan-Africanism and Federalism
(Bjørn Møller/Essay)
The article looks at federalism as applied in Africa in the dual sense of a devolution of power from what would otherwise be unitary and centralised states to lower levels of governance and a transferral ...
... journals in English devoted to federalism are already issued all over the world. They are generally focused on one geographic area in particular, on certain levels of government or on specific academic ...
... journals in English devoted to federalism are already issued all over the world. They are generally focused on one geographic area in particular, on certain levels of government or on specific academic ...
20. Accessibility
(Nocomment/no comment)
... menu, it is possible to move back to the previous levels. Access keys To simplify page browsing, it is possible to use one of the access keys (handled in a native way by the CMS index manager) that allow ...
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