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1. European Taxes and Fiscal Justice: Citizens’ Support and Lessons from the US
(Tomasz P. Woźniakowski and Miguel Poiares Maduro/Essay)
... the term ‘fiscalization’  which implies the power to tax, rather than ambiguous terms such as ‘Eurozone budget’. History of federations, such as the US, teaches us that some types of taxes can only be ...
2. The Judiciary in Federal Systems in Africa
(Nico Steytler & Zemelak Ayele/Essay)
Eight states in Africa that have federal or federal-type government systems and most of these federations emerged in the post-Cold War period. The African federations are in various degrees characterised ...
Unlike most other federal states, the Belgian federation has kept the organisation of the judiciary as a federal competence. The reasons are historical, principled, practical as well as political. Meanwhile, ...
Political rhetoric aside, has Canada, 150 years after its foundation, achieved its goal of preserving pluralism? How is pluralism defined within the Canadian framework? What was the judiciary’s contribution ...
...  linguistic or ethnic diversity in a multinational or multiethnic federation.  ...
Horizontal intergovernmental forums that bring together the constituent units of a federation are increasingly common. This article examines the origin, organization and purpose of the premium horizontal ...
The purpose of this paper is to analyse the role and place of oil and gas politics in the Iraqi Federation. This aspect is investigated in the relationship to ethnic conflict. These two features are considered ...
8. Brexit and Saint-Pierre's Peace Project
(Stephen Chadwick/Essay)
... European federation that was proposed in the 18th century by the Abbé de Saint-Pierre. The ‘peace project’ that he outlined generated many objections from philosophers including Rousseau, Kant and Voltaire. ...
... rights related to (sub)national identities. The paper analyses how cantonal constitutions in the Swiss Confederation protect cultural fundamental rights and how the project of the Flemish Charter promotes ...
... by the central government and means the structure of competences can be modified as necessary. In this study, we will consider how federations manage, to a greater or lesser extent, regional intervention ...
11. The German Bundesrat and Executive Federalism
(Matthias Niedobitek/Essay)
The German Basic Law constitutes federalism as a unique political system which is characterised by intertwined decision-making of the Federation (Bund) and the component units (Länder). The executives ...
... the first began in 1951, a concrete path on which a kind of European federation was progressively built, while the second has considered the same path to be an obstacle in the attempt to move towards a ...
... of the pre-confederation history of suffrage in Canada to both refute a simplistic linear view of women’s rights development and to argue for recognition of the Indigenous contribution to the history of ...
Constitutional scholarship in Canada since Confederation has been characterized by two primary narratives. The dualist narrative, which characterized constitutional scholarship between the late-nineteenth ...
... frames the EU legal order’s interaction with other legal regimes as in a federated order. Yet the strong political implications of federation are likely to bring about more inter-regime conflicts and provoke ...
... of federalism in federal related political institutions, by exploring the conceptual distinctions between related terms such as federalism, federation, federal government, federal political systems, confederation, ...
The Euro Area (Eurozone, or EZ) is navigating uncharted waters; it has started, in slow motion, to slide towards a fiscal federation, while still lacking both the fiscal capacity and the democratic qualification ...
... been the most substantive attempts at subnational constitutionalism that were instituted under opposing political systems, and the extent to which they have enabled greater prospects for a stable federation ...
... the way for a sustainable redesign of the federation have been started. The article starts with a historical outline of the Austrian federation’s origins. In what follows, the interplay of formal and ...
The federal Constitution of Ethiopia provides the regional states - the constituent unit of the federation –with the power to draft, adopt and amend their own constitutions, thereby allowing each of the ...
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