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Devolution and the associated mechanisms of governance, such as power-sharing, limited government, a reformed system of public administration and civic engagement, and its features that include the protection of minorities, inclusivity and socio-economic development, are all parts of the wider mosaic of peacebuilding. In Kenya, the devolution of political, fiscal and administrative powers to 47 counties is built on the promises of enhancing democracy, building peace, and ensuring the equitable distribution of resources. This article investigates whether devolution has delivered on the promise of greater inclusion, accountability and peace in the Marsabit County. The investigation revealed that the adaptation of a devolved system in Kenya has radically transformed Marsabit County: socio-economic development has improved, and significant progress is recorded in the health and education sectors. Critical challenges remain and these include the prevalence of ethnic conflict, endemic corruption, limited resources, an inequitable distribution of resources and non-inclusivity.
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